THE BASIC PROBLEMS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
What are the basic problems that are encountered by alternative energy today?
The following groups can be distinguished:
- Technological – unresolved problems of physical implementation of a particular method of energy generation. For example, performance coefficient (efficiency) restrictions, presence of polluting non-utilized wastes, economical inefficiency of processes and so on.
- Inertia of political will relatively to alternative renewable energy – the transition to this kind of energy must possess a strong lobby oriented towards the responsibility to human development and the Nature condition. Regrettably that the only powerful energy lobby often asserts interests of only conventional energy. It is more specific for the counties with considerable reserves of fossil fuels.
- Central heating remains the most spread way of energy supply, though its energy efficiency is low. It implies that all energy losses at energy transfer from the source to an end consumer are paid by the latter. Unlike this, the basic focus of alternative energy is small-scale energy which implies minimized distance of energy transfer from the source to an end-consumer or even generation of energy directly at the place of its consumption.
- Irresponsible inertia of mind of producers and consumers of energy – unwillingness to change the common way of life. Applied to energy, it is expressed in idea of inexhaustibility of fossil energy resources during our life time and thus of unnecessity to replace them.
- Substantially low level of legal and social culture and responsibility of people relatively to energy and ecology.